Understanding UK Holiday Pay Regulations Post-Brexit (2023)

In the wake of two pivotal post-Brexit consultations on holiday pay reforms, the UK government's response, as highlighted by legal experts, signifies a gateway to potential future transformations in the realm of holiday entitlements. These consultations, particularly the first one addressing the calculation methodologies for part-year and irregular-hour workers, stem from a significant Supreme Court ruling.

Implications of the Supreme Court Decision
The Court’s ruling mandates that workers employed only during select weeks of the year, yet under an annual contract, are entitled to the full statutory holiday allotment – 5.6 weeks annually. The dismissal of arguments advocating for a pro-rata reduction in holiday entitlement for part-year workers signifies a substantial shift.

Accrual Method and Its Impact
The government's proposed legislation introduces an accrual method for calculating holiday entitlement, pegging it at 12.07% of hours worked in a pay period for part-year and irregular hour workers, including agency personnel. This move ensures that holidays are accrued solely for time actively engaged in work within a holiday year.

Rolled-Up Holiday Pay & Legal Revisions
Furthermore, the draft legislation introduces rolled-up holiday pay systems for irregular hour workers, streamlining the receipt of additional pay along with regular paychecks to cover holiday pay. This adjustment, despite being previously deemed unlawful under EU law, aims at aligning pay effectively and efficiently.

Legal Clarifications and Statutory Rights
The draft legislation elucidates EU case law regarding the carry-over of annual leave during periods such as maternity, paternity, or sick leave. It also outlines three new statutory carry-forward entitlements, safeguarding a worker’s right to annual leave or payment for untaken leave, thereby solidifying express statutory rights.

Proposed Single Pot of Statutory Annual Leave
While a proposal to unify statutory annual leave and pay rates was considered, the government opted against this change, maintaining the existing separate entitlements. This decision averts added complexity in calculating holiday entitlements, a move appreciated by numerous employers.

Defining Normal Remuneration and Future Considerations
The legislation clarifies elements included in normal remuneration for EU leave, urging employers to align existing practices with the new statutory guidelines. However, unanswered questions within the legislation might trigger future case law.

Record Keeping Obligations and Potential Reforms
Additionally, the government addresses the impact of pre-Brexit decisions, necessitating employers to maintain adequate records regarding working hours. As employers adapt to these legislative changes, further reforms in the holiday pay landscape remain a possibility.


The UK government's response to these consultations delineates a comprehensive framework aimed at recalibrating holiday pay regulations post-Brexit. While addressing immediate concerns, the legislation hints at the potential for future reforms, ensuring a nuanced and evolving landscape in the realm of holiday entitlements.

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